Khajuraho group of temples in Central India is one of the most illustrious manifestations of Indian architecture. These 10th-11th century temples represent religiosity, patronage, artistic genius and aesthetic sensibility all at once. Built in the typical 'Nagara' style of architecture, over 20 of the original 85 temples have survived the climate for more than a thousand years despite being lost into obscurity and hence, suffering neglect for a long period of time. Believed to have been constructed during the Chandela rule, the temples belong to Shaivism and Vaishnavism sects of Hinduism, Jainism and 'tantrism'. Unlike other temple complexes in the country, there is no enclosure wall surrounding these temples and each of them on a high and solid raised masonry platform. Though not very large, they have elegant proportions and are adorned with sculptures on their exteriors and even interiors.
These walled sculptures include depiction of numerous deities, their
attendants, celestial maidens in sensuous positions and provocative
postures, embracing couples (some of them in erotic sexual positions),
dancers and musicians and couples engaged in various refinements of
courtly love. It is believed that one temple alone sports over six
hundred and fifty such figures ranging from sensual and warm depictions
to explicit sexual activity (believed to illustrate the tantric rites by
some). Some of these much-famed or much-notorious sexual postures are
said to follow the Kama Sutra, the ancient Indian manual of art of
making love. One of the most preferred destinations after Taj Mahal,
Khajuraho has provided a scenic backdrop for many movies as well as many
Indian classical dances that have been performed here.
The architecture in the temples of Khajuraho is so exquisite that it is difficult to find a parallel.